沁源| 日照| 天等| 汾西| 忠县| 浦北| 长春| 沽源| 高雄市| 安徽| 五大连池| 墨玉| 金阳| 山海关| 樟树| 南票| 田阳| 磴口| 江城| 清涧| 阜南| 江口| 安吉| 华坪| 鱼台| 布拖| 榆树| 隆化| 北川| 费县| 沂水| 从江| 额尔古纳| 甘肃| 乐亭| 鱼台| 沐川| 光山| 阜新市| 宜兴| 南芬| 周至| 静海| 泸水| 龙山| 海伦| 沧源| 嘉义县| 澎湖| 茂港| 谢家集| 深泽| 高台| 广水| 南雄| 柘荣| 多伦| 宝鸡| 新绛| 汪清| 乐平| 尼勒克| 兰州| 宣汉| 六安| 泸水| 武穴| 枣庄| 南投| 广西| 永仁| 博野| 富阳| 婺源| 克东| 修水| 泰州| 越西| 峨眉山| 南皮| 通州| 台东| 贡嘎| 万年| 盘县| 敖汉旗| 乌鲁木齐| 海淀| 静海| 苏尼特左旗| 安宁| 舒城| 台东| 青海| 云梦| 绍兴县| 揭阳| 修水| 德江| 澳门| 依兰| 德格| 旺苍| 牟平| 淮阴| 封丘| 宜秀| 中宁| 淮滨| 新民| 澄江| 启东| 巍山| 西充| 右玉| 丰镇| 普兰| 武川| 达尔罕茂明安联合旗| 北海| 阳新| 杜集| 溆浦| 石首| 苗栗| 侯马| 疏附| 湖南| 本溪市| 陈仓| 会理| 博白| 韩城| 余干| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 萨嘎| 长岛| 通榆| 来凤| 济宁| 安远| 九寨沟| 阜平| 覃塘| 武清| 郑州| 延安| 黔西| 蚌埠| 崂山| 怀化| 阿克塞| 沾化| 鹤峰| 大龙山镇| 剑河| 克拉玛依| 唐河| 义马| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 皮山| 巴青| 山阴| 尉犁| 正镶白旗| 泗水| 武川| 商城| 北安| 林州| 连山| 扎兰屯| 新疆| 兴山| 镇雄| 社旗| 武威| 科尔沁左翼后旗| 头屯河| 西安| 滁州| 东光| 富民| 丹江口| 青县| 佛坪| 岚山| 龙江| 扶风| 新余| 民乐| 河北| 聂拉木| 盂县| 武安| 改则| 平原| 温宿| 伽师| 安达| 修武| 班玛| 凤冈| 弓长岭| 岫岩| 威信| 凉城| 阿坝| 云龙| 山西| 曲阳| 陵川| 淮南| 万山| 洱源| 河池| 玉林| 阿城| 苗栗| 临漳| 田林| 泾阳| 卢氏| 江孜| 宁武| 宁波| 达尔罕茂明安联合旗| 平湖| 铜梁| 东山| 通江| 乌拉特前旗| 大同县| 天长| 沁水| 鄂尔多斯| 奎屯| 左贡| 承德市| 宁化| 新巴尔虎右旗| 彰武| 长春| 北辰| 天安门| 门头沟| 金坛| 独山| 通海| 永昌| 灵宝| 长春| 香格里拉| 乌拉特前旗| 铜仁| 诏安| 永丰| 宣城| 北流| 克东| 巴彦| 翠峦| 佳县| 武宣| 母婴在线
Global EditionASIA 中文双语Fran?ais
Opinion
Home / Opinion / Op-Ed Contributors

In the future, how an AI utopia would work

By Sami Mahroum | China Daily | Updated: 2019-09-18 07:55
论坛资讯 这应当是一个负责任的家长的及格线。 武汉女人 翠ゅ蹲厨癟沮い穝厨笵皐癸玂倍óユ硄笻猭闽拜肈紋カそЫ袋跋だЫ琎ら硄厨嘿疉ㄆóる场ユ硄笻猭癘魁А矪瞶ㄤひ担地玡玒袋跋そだЫホ差┮┮疉尔ㄤ笻拜肈砆戮ミ秸琩7る30ら紋祇ネ癬玂倍诀磝篞╧诀は砆ゴㄆン牡よ琎ら硄厨嘿玂倍óるのㄤひ担地Аō紋袋跋笰產畑199812る挡盉▅Τ厩ネ沮眡るい拨穨產叭笰ゴ19977る紋籔克妮官割2进砯ó眖ㄆ猠‵猟笲块单穨叭2006ㄓる籔官┯钡祘だ穨叭把籔8祘兜ヘ竒秸琩把籔祘兜ヘ官А礚デ竜玡礚疉堵疉碿薄猵るひ担地19977る把そ纯ヴ紋袋跋そだЫホ差┮┮タ戮癩玻よる担地產畑瞷Τ┬玻2矪免ó2进礚穨爹祅癘礚瞶癩玻珇膀布 创业 授课老师进行新核心系统业务培训本次培训采取专项培训、实操演练、分组研讨、学习总结、以考促学作相结合的方式,由省行运营管理处副处长解颖安等同志进行授课,分别讲述新核心系统总体、综合前端及公共模块、负债模块、资产模块、支付平台等模块,重点解读了会计核算、总账系统等实操内容。 武汉论坛 黄沙岭乡 武汉女人 井完 宠物论坛 金寨回族乡

It is more than 500 years since Sir Thomas More found inspiration for the "Kingdom of Utopia" while taking a stroll on the streets of Antwerp, Belgium. So, when I traveled there from Dubai in May to speak about artificial intelligence (AI), I couldn't help but draw parallels to Raphael Hythloday, the character in Utopia who regales sixteenth-century Britons with tales of a better world.

As home to the world's first Minister of AI, as well as museums, academics and foundations dedicated to studying the future, Dubai is on its own Hythloday-esque voyage. While Europe, in general, has grown increasingly anxious about technological threats to employment, the United Arab Emirates has enthusiastically embraced the labor-saving potential of AI and automation.

There are practical reasons for this. The ratio of indigenous-to-foreign labor in the Gulf states is highly imbalanced, ranging from a high of 67 percent in Saudi Arabia to a low of 11 percent in the UAE. And because the region's desert environment cannot support further population growth, the prospect of replacing people with machines has become increasingly attractive.

But there is also a deeper cultural difference between the two regions. Unlike Western Europe, the birthplace of both the Industrial Revolution and the "Protestant work ethic", Arab societies generally place a greater value on leisure time.

In the industrialized West, technological forces threaten social contracts that have long rested on the three pillars of capital, labor and the state. For centuries, capital provided investment in machines, workers operated the machines to produce goods and services, and governments collected taxes, furnished public goods, and redistributed resources as needed. But this division of labor created a social system that is far more complicated than those of the Arab world and other non-industrialized economies.

For their part, Arab states have nationalized natural resources, managed major industries and traded internationally. Until recently, population growth and declining revenues from natural resources threatened the social contract. But with technologies that can produce and distribute most of the goods and services required by what is essentially a leisure society, the existing social contract could actually be enhanced, rather than disrupted.

In the West, the technological revolution appears to have widened the gap between capital owners and everyone else. While productivity has been increasing, labor's share of total income has shrunk. Apart from the capital owners, a leisure class of yuppies and heirs has also captured a sizable share of the surplus created by productivity-enhancing technologies. The biggest losers are those with low incomes and less education.

Yet, even here, focusing on AI's potential impact on the relationship between capital and employment is shortsighted. After all, populism has surged in many Western countries at a time of near-historic lows in unemployment. Arguably, the current discontent reflects a desire for a better quality of life, not more work.

The French "yellow vest" protesters were initially responding to policies that would have raised the costs of their commutes; Britons who voted to leave the European Union were hoping that contributions to the bloc would be redirected to public services at home. Most anti-globalization and anti-immigration rhetoric is born of an anxiety about crime, cultural change and other quality-of-life issues, not jobs.

The problem is that, under the Western social contract, a desire for more leisure can translate into mutually incompatible demands. Voters want reduced working hours but higher incomes, and they expect governments to continue generating enough tax revenue to provide healthcare, pensions and education. No wonder Western politics has reached an impasse.

Fortunately, AI and data-driven innovation could offer a way forward. In what could be perceived as a kind of AI utopia, the paradox of a bigger state with a smaller budget could be reconciled, because the government would have the tools to expand public goods and services at a very small cost.

The biggest hurdle would be cultural: As early as 1948, German philosopher Joseph Pieper warned against the "proletarianization" of people and called for leisure to be the basis for culture. Westerners would have to abandon their obsession with the work ethic, as well as their deep-seated resentment toward "free riders". They would have to start differentiating between work that is necessary for a dignified existence, and work that is geared toward amassing wealth and achieving status. The former could potentially be all but eliminated.

With the right mindset, all societies could start to forge a new AI-driven social contract, wherein the state would capture a larger share of the return on assets, and distribute the surplus generated by AI and automation to residents. Publicly owned machines would produce a wide range of goods and services, from generic drugs, food, clothes and housing, to basic research, security and transportation.

Some will view these outlays as unjustified market intervention; others will worry that the government might fail to meet public demand for various goods and services. But, again, such arguments are shortsighted. Given the pace of advances in AI and automation, state-owned production systems-operating nonstop-will have an almost unlimited supply capacity. The only limitation will be natural resources, a constraint that would continue to drive technological innovation in search of more sustainable management.

In an AI utopia, government intervention would be the norm, and private production the exception. The private sector would correct government or collective failures, rather than the government correcting for market failures.

Imagine traveling forward in time to 2071, the UAE's centenary. A future Raphael Hythloday visiting Antwerp from Dubai would bear the following news: Where I live, the government owns and operates the machines that produce most necessary goods and services, allowing the people to spend their time on leisure, creative and spiritual pursuits. All worries about employment and tax rates have been consigned to the past. That could be your world, too.

The author is director of Strategy and Research at the Dubai Future Foundation and a non-resident fellow at The Lisbon Council. He is the author of Black Swan Start-ups: Understanding the Rise of Successful Technology Business in Unlikely Places.

Project Syndicate

The views don't necessarily reflect those of China Daily.

  
Most Viewed in 24 Hours
China Views
Top
BACK TO THE TOP
English
Copyright 1995 - . All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in any form. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site.
License for publishing multimedia online 0108263

Registration Number: 130349
FOLLOW US
枣元乡 济南 王兆街道 邯邰镇 西庙岗乡 福建理工学校 铁三局基地 大通回族土族自治县 皮亚勒玛乡
察院弄 曼谷 医学院附属医院洞桥 呼和木独镇 塘潮源林场 诚平村 绿洲家园社区 姚砬路 韩园子
清江花苑 真顺村 虎头乡 双港 八户山 喀拉达拉牧场 洗马乡 春风胡同 龙兴寺 行宫园社区
https://www.whr.cc/bbsitemap.htm